1. Word of Mouth
Using word of mouth as a source of information about careers means talking to people about jobs. The information might be forwarded on to you from a friend, college tutor, college peer, or networking at a social gathering (such as a party, or film shoot). Social media, such as Facebook, Twitter, or Linkedin, also could provide connections with people who might tell you about jobs. The person who informs about a particular career may be working in the company themselves, or know someone who works in it, they could also be the employer themselves, looking for employees.
An advantage of a word of mouth source is that there is a greater possibility of you getting the job, as there is a closer link between you and the opportunity.
A disadvantage is that the information being passed on could be incorrect or incomplete, as the source may have gotten wrong information, or not be remembering the information fully. As the source was word of mouth, there is a chance that there is no way of double-checking the information afterwards, with, for example, a web search or phone call.
2. Company websites
Using a company website as a source of information about careers means browsing through a particular company’s website, to look at jobs they post for their own company. Their posts are usually higher-ranking positions, which require plenty of experience. Some company websites also provide a section for junior-level/unclassified positions, where applicants’ submissions are put in a database.
An advantage of a company website source is that it enables the applicant to choose which company they want to work for. Each company site would only put up job positions for their company.
A disadvantage is that, for junior-level applicants, there is only a small likelihood of them meeting the job requirements. Being put into a database means that there is also only a small possibility of being chosen, as companies are more likely to pick from the most recent.
3. Local Newspapers
Using local newspapers as a source of information about careers means searching the regional newspapers for job offers. The reason why it is usually best to look in local newspapers is to make sure that the job offers are for jobs near your area. Examples of local newspapers for the Medway towns are:
An advantage of a local newspaper source is that the jobs posted are only for companies in your area. This makes it an easy way to find jobs as a newspaper could be bought daily, or through a local library.
A disadvantage is that newspapers could easily be out of date, and by the time an applicant has sent an application, the job could have already been taken. If the job offer was online, the company is more able to have it removed quickly, after a successful applicant has been chosen.
Using Connexions as a source of information about careers means speaking (via email, face-to-face, or by telephone) to a Connexions employee, and getting advice from them on the type of jobs you can apply for, and what your career options are.
An advantage of a Connexions source is that the jobs are personally chosen for you, and you can get advice from professional employees on how to go about getting a job completely for free. Your qualifications are taken into consideration and any questions you have can be discussed.
A disadvantage of a Connexions source is that it is only aimed at young people (13-19), and anyone looking for a job older that the maximum age will not be able to use the Connexions service.
Peer reviewed by Barry Witham